The main focus of this competency is ‘over instructing’ or ‘under instructing’.
Over instructing is when the instructor is taking too much responsibility and constantly intervening when the pupil is showing they are ready for more responsibility. In these situations, there is rarely any learning taking place as the learner isn’t being challenged to develop their own understanding of the skill being practice and will become too reliant on the instructor for input.
Under instructing is when an instructor is offering enough support for the situation, allowing a situation to develop with intervening as it generally gets worse or not having the right level of help in the first place. In these situations, again there is rarely any learning taking place as the learner is in survival mode and can lead to more safety critical incidents where physical intervention will be necessary.
Occasionally you may need to intervene in a safety critical incident, again you will be expected to time this correctly. Too early and you risk undermining the learner’s confidence and too late the situation may become unsafe. Any time you’ve had to intervene physically always ask yourself if the situation could have been prevented by a different level of instruction or earlier verbal intervention. If you do have to intervene physically make sure you then at a safe point discuss the situation with the learner so that learning can take place.