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Was any verbal or physical intervention by the trainer timely and appropriate?

Risk Management

  What Does The ADI 1 Say

“The overall approach should be client-centred. Remember that there is a fine balance
between giving enough input and giving too much.
When stationary it would be expected that inputs and interventions would take the form of
a dialogue with the pupil. In the moving-car environment an ADI remaining silent and
signalling their confidence in the pupil, through their body language, is just as much a
coaching input as asking a stream of questions.
Clearly the most important ‘interventions’ are those that manage risk in a moving car. We
would expect an ADI to point out situations in which a risk or hazard might arise to their
pupil. However direct intervention by the ADI, to prevent a situation escalating, may be
needed. This criterion is primarily about the ADI’s response in those situations. “

The main focus of this competency is ‘over instructing’ or ‘under instructing’.

Over instructing is when the instructor is taking too much responsibility and constantly intervening when the pupil is showing they are ready for more responsibility. In these situations, there is rarely any learning taking place as the learner isn’t being challenged to develop their own understanding of the skill being practice and will become too reliant on the instructor for input.

Under instructing is when an instructor is offering enough support for the situation, allowing a situation to develop with intervening as it generally gets worse or not having the right level of help in the first place. In these situations, again there is rarely any learning taking place as the learner is in survival mode and can lead to more safety critical incidents where physical intervention will be necessary.

Occasionally you may need to intervene in a safety critical incident, again you will be expected to time this correctly. Too early and you risk undermining the learner’s confidence and too late the situation may become unsafe. Any time you’ve had to intervene physically always ask yourself if the situation could have been prevented by a different level of instruction or earlier verbal intervention. If you do have to intervene physically make sure you then at a safe point discuss the situation with the learner so that learning can take place.

Positives the examiner is looking for in this competency.


  • Intervene in a way that actively supports the pupil’s learning process and safety during the session. 
  • Allow the pupil to deal with situations appropriately.
  • Take control of situations where the pupil is clearly out of their depth.
What to Avoid


  • Ignore a developing situation and leaving the pupil to flounder.
  • Take control of a situation the pupil is clearly dealing with appropriately.
  • Constantly be intervening when unnecessary.
  • Intervene inappropriately thereby creating distractions.
  • Undermine the pupil’s confidence.
  • Reinforce that you are in sole control of the lesson.

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